The world is now changing, and as it evolves, individuals are now experiencing new and quick changes that are helping to make their lives easier and much simpler. There are several sensors, with each one having a certain significance in daily life. One such sensor is an occupancy sensor used by millions of people to indicate the presence of an individual. They are also known as motion sensors and are usually encountered by people once a day. Also, they are among the essential things in use worldwide and are considered a new normal in today's world.
What are occupancy sensors?
The occupancy sensor is a device that detects motion in the presence of an individual to bring about changes in light, to control them or to neutralize the temperature in several ventilation systems indoors. They use ultrasonic, infrared, electromagnetic, and many other technologies, encompassing devices that include hotel keycards, PIR sensors, and smart meters. These sensors are considered appropriate because they contribute to saving energy and providing automatic controls and building codes for various purposes. In addition, they have an inbuilt system that is equally efficient and works well for every user.
What are the types of occupancy sensors?
Some of the main types of occupancy sensors include:
· Microwave Motion Sensor: these sensors detect motion through the principle of Doppler radar, and are similar to a radar speed gun. A continuous wave of microwave radiation is emitted, and phase shifts in the reflected microwaves due to motion of an object toward (or away from) the receiver result in a heterodyne signal at a low audio frequency.
· PIR sensors: there is a pyroelectric sensor inside the device that works on different levels of heat detection and measures infrared radiations in the presence of humans as they have a temperature that is different from that of the background.
· Environmental sensors: these include temperature, CO2 and humidity sensors that detect temperature change in the environment when a human arrives.
· Ultrasonic sensors: they are like radar and work on the Doppler shift principle, which changes its frequency depending on the observer. The sensor sends ultrasonic waves in a particular area and checks for all the reflected patterns. These patterns change when there is occupancy or lights are turned on.
· Smart meters: they detect the power consumption patterns in both occupied as well as vacant states.
Besides these, there are audio detection sensors and switches that are door operated that turn on and off as individuals go in and out of the room without even touching them. They have made the lives of individuals so much easier and less complicated.
How does it work?
The occupancy sensors utilize different technologies and automatically trigger responses in a building system representing a body visually. As humans radiate heat, sensors detect heat from a static point, even measuring all the micro-movements and vibrations created as individuals breathe. Thus, they provide a complete level of protection and security and ensure the very little impact of all the external conditions usually deployed in all the concepts that include indoor spaces. Every sensor has a different way of working with a good background experience and usage.
How do the sensors help in re-entry?
With social distancing guidelines being framed by policymakers and health officials, there is a limited capacity that can be accommodated within a building and following rules and guidelines to keep safe. The need for motion detectors is rising and thus have numerous reasons to be used for the building re-entry. These include:
1. They encourage no touch: it would be better if the need to build things inside a building is limited, with most people preferring it. All the lights, doors, thermostats can be adjusted and re-adjusted using occupancy sensors, presence detection methods and motion technology.
2. They follow code compliance: people who own huge buildings that are bigger than 5000 sq. Ft needs automatic shutdown capabilities for some of their spaces. The sensors help in levying laws to certain areas before they are ready to be open again.
3. People counting process: with the number of people reduced because of the pandemic, the sensors also keep track of the number of people visiting the building and the exact space they are in.
4. They measure distance: most occupancy sensors monitor the distance between people and provide support if needed. This is done without utilizing any video or compromising the privacy of the people inside a building.
5. They do fall detection: most of the advanced microsensors also work on the movement of a person and how fast they reach the ground. Vital signs from the ground are emitted, further triggering action if needed, like calling a doctor or a nurse inside a healthcare setting.
6. They measure heart and breathe rate: With the deployment of these sensors in a building, heart rate, as well as the breathing rate, can be monitored well, and the chances of an infected person coming in are also known to further be careful and away from those who show signs of the covid19 infection.
7. They reduce the use of energy: the ability to reduce lights in a less used space or a building is the biggest benefit by using most of the sensors. There are many ways in which energy efficiency can be achieved and can only be done by planning the building strategies well in time for the sensors to transmit. The correct value of sensors can be known by carrying out a building retrofit that works in various combinations for the capacity controllers to work in a lightweight environment for all buildings, small and big.
The field of occupancy sensors is narrowed down by categorizing them based on their uses and prices along with a combination of compact controllers, air quality sensors and on the spot analytics. The interested organizations and individuals can reach out to the company via phone or email and can even fill a form to get a full package of the same. There are sensors as per the budget and requirement of an individual in the market and have to offer the best use in no-touch times like now.
Thus, with an increase in the social distancing world, occupancy sensors are the need of an hour and are of utmost use in every building or open space with a gathering.